Toothaches - Dental Emergency
Toothache usually refers to pain around the teeth or jaws. Treatment for dental emergency such as toothache varies significantly depending on the severity of the pain and its cause. The following list is of options, is designed to provide you with some information about how ,your dentist in Preston may treat your toothache:
The most common cause of a toothache is a dental cavity which is a hole in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel and the dentin. The enamel is the outer most white hard surface and the dentin is the yellow layer just beneath the enamel. These layers serve to protect the inner living tooth tissue called the pulp, where blood vessels and nerves exist. Certain bacteria in the mouth convert simple sugars into acid. The acid softens and dissolves the enamel and dentin, creating cavities. Small shallow cavities may not cause pain but the larger cavities can collect food debris. The inner living pulp of the affected tooth can become irritated by bacterial toxins or by foods that are cold, hot or sweet-causing toothache. Toothache from these larger cavities is the most common reason for dental emergency visits and constant toothache.
Your dentists in preston treats small cavities with a tooth-coloured filling and larger cavities involves an onlay or a crown, on the Other hand if the cavity penetrates and injures the pulp it will require either a root canal treatment.
Injury to the pulp can lead to death of pulp tissue, resulting in tooth infection (abscess). the suggested treatment by your dentist in preston will be either removal of the infected tooth or a root canal procedure.
Gum Disease & Tooth Sensitivity
The second most common source of dental emergency and pain is gum disease. It refers to inflammation of the gums and loss of bone that surrounds the teeth and keeps them in place. Gum disease is caused by toxins secreted by bacteria in “plaque” that accumulate over time along the gum line. Plaque is a mixture of food, saliva, and bacteria.
Early symptoms of gum disease include bleeding gum without pain. Pain is a symptom of more advanced gum disease as the loss of bone around the teeth leads to the formation of gum pockets. Bacteria in these pockets cause gum infection, swelling, pain and further bone destruction.
Advanced gum disease can cause loss of otherwise healthy teeth. The recommended treatment of early gum disease ,by your dentist in preston involves oral hygiene and removal of bacterial plaque. Moderate to advanced gum disease usually requires a thorough cleaning of the teeth and teeth roots.
Chronic gum disease can also contribute to toothache due to root sensitivities. The roots are the lower 2/3 of the teeth that are normally hidden in bone. The bacterial toxins dissolve the bone around the roots and cause the gum and the bone to recede, exposing the roots.
The exposed roots can become very sensitive to cold, hot, and sour foods because they are no longer are protected by healthy gums and bone. Early stages of root exposure can be treated with repeated application of fluoride varnish by your dentist in Preston and other desensitizers such as Duraphat toothpaste can also be used during times of sensitivity at home.
Cracked Tooth Syndrome – Wear and Tear
Enamel loss, uneven teeth, tiny chips and cracks can cause sensitivity or toothache and is usually indicative of tooth destruction. Cracked Tooth syndrome refers to toothache caused by a broken tooth without associated decay or gum disease. Biting on the area of tooth fracture can cause severe sharp pains. These fractures are usually due to chewing or biting hard objects such as hard sweet, pencils, nuts, etc. Your dentist in preston can detect these kind of fracture by painting a special dye on the susspected tooth. Treatment usually involves protecting the tooth with composite materials, but if the damage is extensive, a full-coverage crown will be required. However, if placing a crown does not relieve pain symptoms, a root canal procedure may be necessary
What should you do in an emergency?
In a dental emergency, call our dedicated dental emergency number – 01772-726932 . You will be able to describe your dental emergency problem to a experienced dentist in Preston who will provide you with useful advice.