Gum Disease Treatment – Periodontitis

Gum disease is the number 1 source of adult teeth loss in the United Kingdom!  In a healthy condition, the gums around the teeth are tight, pink, do not bleed when they are gently probed,and there is very little space between the gums and the teeth for bacteria to build up. If bacteria are not removed effectively, the first stage of gum disease is bleeding gums which will become red and swollen (gingivitis). This may not be readily noticeable, particularly in between and around the posterior teeth, but the space between the gums and teeth becomes bigger. The bacteria now have somewhere to hide.

As this gap between the teeth and gums get deeper, the bacteria change and become more aggressive. Your body starts to fight this infection. The combination of the bacteria and your body’s response to them, leads to loss of supporting bone around the teeth. This is periodontal disease or periodontitis (“peri” meaning around tooth and “itis” meaning inflammation or infection). Therefore, the most important thing to do is correctly diagnose the presence and severity of gum disease.

gum disease treatment guide - dentist in Preston
cause of periodontitis - gum disease treatment

 

Cause and Effect of Gum Disease

There are numerous factors that contribute to periodontal disease: plaque buildup, heredity, and lifestyle choices. By far, the most frequent and controllable factor is bacterial plaque, the sticky, colourless film produced by normal oral bacteria. Bacteria release toxins that break down the natural fibers that bond gums to teeth. When this take place, pockets between the gums and teeth form, and more bacteria and toxins hide, flourish, and destroy your gums and teeth.

Over time, this process can affect not only gums, teeth, and bone within the mouth, but also overall health. Bacteria in your mouth will be inadvertently ingested, and this can compromise your whole-body health. At Lane Ends Dental Practice ,we test your gums for signs of gum disease (bleeding gums, pocketing) and severity and then an appropriate plan can be made to prevent the spread and progression of the disease.

 

 

Contributing Factors to Bleeding Gums & Gum Disease

  •  Poor oral hygiene
  •  Tobacco smoking or chewing
  •  Systemic diseases such as diabetes
  •  Some types of medication such as steroids, anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs,
  •  Bridges that no longer fit properly
  •  Crooked teeth
  •  Fillings that have become defective
  •  Pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives
effect of oral hygiene on gum disease treatment
treating gum disease and its symptoms

 

Symptoms of Gum Disease – Periodontal Dentistry

Warning signs of gum disease are:

  • Bleeding gums during tooth brushing
  • Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste
  • Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
  • Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
It is possible to have periodontal disease and have no warning signs. That is one reason why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important. Treatment methods depend upon the type of disease and how far the condition has progressed. Good oral hygiene at home is essential to help keep periodontal disease from becoming more serious or recurring. You don’t have to lose teeth to periodontal disease.  A healthy lifestyle, regular brushing and flossing, and regular visits to an experienced dental hygienist for regular cleanings are the best way to keep your gums healthy and to avoid gum disease.
 

To book an appointment with Dr. Kaviani to get started on your gum disease treatment, call 01772-726932 to discuss your concerns.